Simulation for Design

Simulation for Design

Current methods for simulation assume single scale engagement across separate phases and exclude the simulation of material and fabrication processes. Recent research identifies new opportunities for simulation to link the design of material with the design of structures. This creates new implications for material deployment that necessitate new methods for analysing, specifying and controlling fabrication.

The topic is tackled in the innochain Workpackage 4, which will examine how simulation can be used as a means to cross between scales and synthesise material performances with machine-driven processes.

The Workpackage is lead by the KTH School of Architecture.

research projects


Author: Paul Poinet

Industrial Partners: Buro Happold, designtoproduction. Investigating multi scale modelling principles for architectural design. Multi-scale modelling is an interdisciplinary research topic in which systems are modelled at multiple scales and interfaced enabling the modelling of low scale systems to parametrisise and inform high scale systems . The project investigates multi scalar modelling as a means to support iterative build-up of knowledge in the design process in which highly specified material simulations interface with open ended design models. read more

Keywords: · Multi Scalar Modelling · simulation · timber


Author: Efilena Baseta

Load bearing structures generally show preferred directions for channelling internal forces that depend on geometry and prevailing support conditions (anisotropy). Current material practice does not take advantage of anisotropic material properties. read more



Author: James Solly

Current practice uses digital fabrication technologies to optimise standardised fabrication processes. Often accompanied by trial-and-error approaches, the limits of digital fabrication methods are quickly reached without a thorough understanding of the strength and limits of the forming processes and the materials. read more

Keywords: · CFRP · Coreless Filament Winding · ESR08 · GFRP · itke · Robotic · Stuttgart


Author: Vasily Sitnikov

The PhD student will investigate and develop methods for the simulation of formwork in architecture. This will entail research into the transformation between states of fluidity and solidity germane to casting, the dynamic relationship between casting material, formwork and environmental factors, and the architectural possibilities and consequences. read more

Keywords: · Buro Huppold · concrete casting · digital simulation · KTH · material performance · nonrepetitive ‎fabrication


Author: Giulio Brugnaro

This project investigates real-time and real-matter feedback in robotic manufacturing for design. read more

Keywords: · carving · craftsmanship · fabrication · Machine Learning · robotics

German Design Award 2018

Author: James Solly

The Elytra Filament Pavilion has received the German Design Award 2018 in the Architecture Category. Innochain researcher James Solly (ESR08) was a member of the multidiscplinary team of engineers and architects from the ITKE and ICD at the University of Stuttgart who designed and realised this large-scale technology demonstrator. The German Design Award is conferred... read more



Acadia 2017, Boston: Paper Presented on the ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2016/2017

Author: James Solly

Acadia 2017 James (ESR08) and Sam (ESR12) both attended the Acadia 2017 “Disciplines and Disruption” Conference at MIT in Boston, 2nd-4th November 2017. During the conference, our colleagues from the ICD (Institute of Computational Design and Construction) presented the paper: Multi-Machine Fabrication: An Integrative Design Process Utilising an Autonomous UAV and Industrial Robots for the... read more

Keywords: · CFRP · Coreless Fibre Winding · GFRP · itke


Author: Evy Slabbinck

Unlike conventional cable-nets that typically use evenly spaced cables laid out in an orthogonal-grid, introducing irregular patterns into the form-finding process of cable structures enables designs with non-directional grids and varying cable concentration. read more

Keywords: · cable-net · form-finding · topology · voronoi

Elytra Filament Pavilion – Robotic Filament Winding for Structural Composite Building Systems

Author: James Solly

Fabricate 2017 Paper on the Elytra Pavilion Innochain ESR James Solly (ESR08), working on the research topic Virtual Prototyping FRP, presented at the Fabricate 2017 conference in Stuttgart, Germany in April 2017 alongside co-authors Marshall Prado and Moritz Doerstelmann of the ICD. Their conference paper can be found in the full proceedings (page 224), which... read more

Keywords: · CFRP · Coreless Filament Winding · GFRP · itke

ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2016/2017

Author: James Solly

ESR08 – Virtual Prototyping FRP ESR12 – Material Gradient FRP AUTHORS: James Solly and Saman Saffarian Lightweight, Long-Span Fibrous Construction Since October 2015 Sam and James have been working on the ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2016/2017 that was developed within the ITECH Master Studio. The recently-unveiled Pavilion was created to test alternative scenarios for architectural application... read more

Keywords: · CFRP · ESR08 · ESR12 · fabrication · GFRP · itke · lightweight

#iceformwork – A New Type of Formwork for Ultra-High Performance Concrete

Author: Vasily Sitnikov

  In order to minimize the amount of cement involved in concrete constructions, the concrete industry today chooses to reduce the share of cement in the total mass of concrete. This approach leads to lower mechanical properties of concrete, resulting in thicker floor slabs and massive beams. An alternative strategy is to increase the share... read more

Keywords: · concrete casting · digital simulation · formwork4concrete · free complexity · freeform · iceformwork · material performance · material science · postdigital · UHPC

Adaptive Robotic Training for Subtractive Manufacturing

Author: Giulio Brugnaro

  Integrating sensing with robotic fabrication procedures, the research wants to investigate potential methods for analysing qualitative material feedback and integrate them into the design environment as the fabrication unfolds. To achieve this, the research proposes the development of an adaptive framework for subtractive fabrication strategies where the stages of design and fabrication are not... read more

Keywords: · Bartlett · big · innochain · manufacturing · robotics · rok