Load bearing structures generally show preferred directions for channelling internal forces that depend on geometry and prevailing support conditions (anisotropy). Current material practice does not take advantage of anisotropic material properties.
Industrial Partners: Buro Happold, designtoproduction. Investigating multi scale modelling principles for architectural design. Multi-scale modelling is an interdisciplinary research topic in which systems are modelled at multiple scales and interfaced enabling the modelling of low scale systems to parametrisise and inform high scale systems . The project investigates multi scalar modelling as a means to support iterative build-up of knowledge in the design process in which highly specified material simulations interface with open ended design models.
Early design phase needs a search strategy that supports the ambiguous nature of design, which can give the designer complete freedom of investigating the design instances with all their trade-offs, rather than limiting the designer with vaguely defined criteria to optimize for....
The project is focused on building performance simulation and new fabrication techniques for the application of “smart materials” in architectural construction.
Industrial Partners: Blumer Lehmann, White. The ability to simulate material performance, parametrising and calculating material properties as design drivers present new perspectives in structural and material thinking. By understanding materials not as static or inanimate, but as engaged by complex behaviours, material performance is regarded as one of the richest sources of innovation. New structural paradigms are emerging that integrate material performance such as active bending.
Isogeometric Analysis (IGA) is an emerging technology driven by the present gap between the simulation of structural analysis (FEA) and design software (CAD). IGA is a promising new topic in computational mechanics and was first introduced in 2005 by Thomas J. R. Hughes.