This paper investigates and demonstrates the structural and architectural potentials of torsion in plate elements for bending-active tensile structures and evaluates the limits to which torsion can be employed in plate-hybrid structures. Bending‐active tensile structures are a novel typology of lightweight structures utilizing integrated bending-active elements as support for a membrane structure.
Integration between design and analysis is becoming more significant, and requires an easy back and forward transfer between design and analysis geometry. Isogeometric analysis (IGA) is filling the gap between structural analysis (FEA) and design software (CAD).
Bending-active tensile (BAT) structures introduce a recently new integrative solution into the field of lightweight architecture. This combination of bending-active elements with a tensile element generates challenges for designers due to the complexity in the necessary integrated form-finding and analysis simulations combined with the reciprocal equilibrium, as well as the high level of detail required in fabrication and erection of these form-active structures. These BAT structures remain a challenge, but current developments in CAD and CAE allow designers to engage in that complexity and generate new architectural and structural possibilities in simulating and generating geometry. The research aims to develop an integrated process interface from design to analysis for BAT structures and to explore its potential for architectural design culture.